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EVENT

Kristina Lundholm Fors, Department of Philosophy Linguistics and Theory of Science is defending her thesis "Production and Perception of Pauses in Speech".

Abstract:
Silences can make or break the conversation: if two persons involved in a conversation have different ideas about the typical length of pauses, they will face problems with turn taking. Pauses occur in conversation for a number of reasons, for example for breathing, thinking, word-searching and turn taking management. In this dissertation, we explore the production and perception of pauses in speech. Our aim consists of three main parts: to describe and analyse the production of pauses, to investigate the perception of pauses, and to examine the role of pauses in turn-taking. Our hypothesis is that pauses fill varying functions, and that these functions depend on the context of the pauses. We believe that the duration of pauses may be linked to the pause type, and that we adapt the our pause lengths to the persons we are speaking to. Further, we suggest that pauses occur regularly throughout dialogues. We also hypothesise that the duration of pauses in speech affect the processing of speech.

Pauses are tied to the process of turn taking, and as we learn more about the nature of pauses we may also be able to further develop our understanding of the process of turn holding and turn yielding. We will also be able to use the information about pause production and perception when modelling turn taking in dialogue systems.

Our results show that pause lengths vary greatly across speakers, pause types and dialogues. Pauses tend to be entrained by speakers involved in dialogues, and pauses occur regularly throughout conversations. We also found evidence that pauses have a positive impact on memorising spoken utterances. While speakers adapt their pause lengths to the other speaker in the conversation, they are inclined to keep a consistent ratio between pause types, and this is not dependent on the conversational partner. While it is interesting to look at pauses separately, we need to put them into context to really understand their functions. To highlight the role of pauses in conversation, we proposed an updated turn taking model, where the results from our studies are integrated.

Keywords: pauses, silences, turn taking, dialogue, entrainment

Opponent: Anna Hjalmarsson, KTH

Link to the dissertation: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/39346

Date: 2015-09-11 13:15 - 16:00

Location: Stora Hörsalen, Humanisten, Renströmsgatan 6

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The Centre for Linguistic Theory and Studies in Probability (CLASP) at the Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg is hosting a one-day workshop to inaugurate the Centre.

More information about the workshop is available here: http://flov.gu.se/clasp/inauguration-workshop.

Please note that registration is required.

Date: 2015-08-27 09:00 - 19:00

Location: Gothia Towers, Mässans gata 24, 402 26 Gothenburg

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The sixth annual workshop for CLT members will take place at Nääs Fabriker, Tollered, 20-22 October. The workshop comprises of presentations of new projects, new post-doctoral researchers, new PhD students, and a series of talks given by invited speakers. The afternoons are devoted to poster and demonstration sessions presented by CLT members.

We will leave by bus from Carlandersplatsen/Lundgrensgatan (map) at 11.00 on Tuesday, and expect to be back in Gothenburg by 14.00 on Thursday.

Below you find a preliminary workshop programme and the abstracts of the talks. If you have any questions please contact Dana Dannélls.

Programme

Tuesday, 20 October
11.00–11.30Travel
11.30–12.30Lunch
12.30–12.45Welcome
12.45–13.30Magnus Sahlgren: The Gavagai Living Lexicon
13.30–14.00Shalom Lappin: Competence, Performance, and Probability
14.00–14.15Lars Borin: South Asia as a linguistic area? Exploring big-data methods in areal and genetic linguistics
14.15–14.30 Dimitrios Kokkinakis: Linguistic and extra-linguistic parameters for early detection of cognitive impairment
14.30–14.45 Peter Ljunglöf: MUSTE: Multimodal semantic text editing
14.45–15.15 Coffee break + check-in
15.15–15.45Stergios Chatzikyriakidis: Modern Type Theoretical semantics: Reasoning using proof-assistants (slides)
15.45–16.15 New PhD students presentations: Yuri Bizzoni, Mehdi Ghanimifard, Herbert Lange (slides)
16.15–16.30 Poster presentations 1, one minute madness
16.30–18.30Poster session 1
 
19.30 Dinner
 
Wednesday, 21 October
07.00–09.00Breakfast
09.00–09.45Lilja Øvrelid: The role of pre-processing for syntactic annotation: lessons from the creation of the Norwegian Dependency Treebank
09.45–10.30Torsten Zesch: Predicting the Difficulty of Language Proficiency Tests
10.30–11.00Coffee break
11.00–11.30 Beáta Megyesi: Automatic Decoding of Historical Manuscripts
11.30–12.00 Wolmet Barendregt: EMOTE: Embodied-perceptive tutors for empathy-based learning
12.00–13.00Lunch
13.00–15.00 <Time for meetings>
15.00–15.30 Coffee break
15.30–16.15Chris Biemann: Adaptive Natural Language Processing
16.15–16.30Poster presentations 2, one minute madness
16.30–18.30Poster session 2
 
19.30Dinner
 
Thursday, 22 October
07.00–09.00Breakfast
09.00–09.30 Nicoletta Calzolari: An Excursus through Policy Issues – at the Crossroads of Data, Knowledge and Infrastructure
09.30–10.00Kimmo Koskenniemi: Alignment of Word Forms
10.00–10.30 Aarne Ranta: Data-Driven Documentation
10.30–11.00 Coffee break + check-out
11.00–11.45Marco Büchler: Big Humanities Data: Recommender Systems and Natural Language Processing in the Digital Humanities
11.45–12.30Wrap-up
12.30–13.30Lunch
13.30–14.00Travel

Poster session 1

  1. Krasimir Angelov "SemanticGraph: Work in Progress for a Multilingual Database"
  2. Malin Ahlberg "New features in Karp" (slide)
  3. Ellen Breitholtz and Christine Howes "Within reason: Categorising enthymematic reasoning in the balloon task" (slide)
  4. Sandra Derbring, Mats Lundälv and Katarina Mühlenbock "Developing communication support for elderly people with cognitive impairments in the IN LIFE project" (slide)
  5. Grégoire Détrez "Learning Smart Paradigms"
  6. Simon Dobnik and Chris Howes "Changing perspective: Local alignment of reference frames in dialogue" (slide)
  7. Devdatt Dubhashi "How words change meaning over time"
  8. Markus Forsberg "Content profiling" (slide)
  9. Karin Friberg Heppin "Introducing Swedish FrameNet++ The Book" (slide)
  10. Prasanth Kolachina "From GF RGL to Universal Dependencies" (slide)
  11. Staffan Larsson "Radiomatic – talk to the radio" (slide)
  12. Leif-Jöran Olsson "Bringing users to your resources – federated content search within the CLARIN-ERIC context" (slide)
  13. Taraka K. Rama "Cognate identification using gap-weighted subsequences"
  14. Johan Roxendal "New features in the Korp toolchain"
  15. Anne Schumacher "New features in the Annotation lab"

Poster session 2

  1. Yvonne Adesam "Something Old, Something New: Current Språkbanken Treebank Projects"
  2. Dana Dannélls and Normunds Grūzītis "Formalising the wedish Constructicon in GF" (slide)
  3. Richard Johansson "Combining relational and distributional knowledge for word sense disambiguation"
  4. Sofie Johansson Kokkinakis and Katarina Mühlenbock et al. "A multivariate model for classifying texts' readability" (slide)
  5. Christine Howes et al. "Ideas in Dialogue: The Effects of Interaction on Creative Problem Solving" (slide)
  6. Dimitrios Kokkinakis "Detection of Biblical quotes in Swedish 19th century fiction using sequence alignment" (slide)
  7. Mikael Kågebäck "Neural context embeddings for automatic discovery of word senses" (slide)
  8. Torbjörn Lager "SWISH Demo"
  9. Herbert Lange "Implementation of a Latin grammar in GF" (slide)
  10. Inari Listenmaa "Analysing Constraint Grammar with SAT" (slide)
  11. Peter Ljunglöf "MUSTE: Multimodal semantic text editing"
  12. Luis Nieto "A simple and efficient method to generate word sense representations" (slide)
  13. Olof Mogren "Automatic multi-document summarization"
  14. Ildikó Pilán "Connect the dots: a Linked Data project for matching SALDO and Dbnary senses through WordNet" (slide)
  15. Elena Volodina "Lexin-Saldo Word Sense Alignment or something like that" (slide)

Date: 2015-10-20 11:00 - 2015-10-22 14:00

Location: Nääs Fabriker Hotell & Restaurang

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Språkbanken, the Swedish language bank, was formally established on the 1st of July 1975. We celebrate 40 years on Friday the 5th of June 2015!

The festivities include talks (in Swedish) by Sture Allén, Martin Gellerstam, Kristian Sjögreen, and Lars Borin, on the history, as well as the future, of Språkbanken.

More information (in Swedish) is available at http://spraakbanken.gu.se/swe/sb40.

For planning purposes please register by sending an e-mail to svenska.exp@svenska.gu.se, latest by May 27.

Date: 2015-06-05 13:15 - 18:00

Location: Lilla Hörsalen, Humanisten

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On April 17th, Swe-Clarin will hold its first workshop for the humanities and social sciences (HSS). The aim is to inform of the tools and resources available in Swe-Clarin, in particular at Språkbanken, as well as open the floor to researchers from HSS to pose their research questions, specify needs for specific tools and start new collaborations.

If you work in the field of HSS and plan to, or are already working with digital methods for language processing, this workshop will offer an excellent venue to gain insights as well as a chance to influence the course of the Swe-Clarin project.

Preliminary workshop program in Swedish (because the workshop will be held primarily in Swedish) is as follows:

13:00 - 15:00 Session 1: Pågående projekt
- Introduktion
- Jonas Lindström – Språkteknologi och historiska texter
- Linn Sandberg – Valforskning på Twitter
- Leif-Jöran Olsson – Dramawebben
- Nina Tahmasebi – Relationer, koordinationer och retorik
15:00 - 15:30 Kaffe
15:30 - 16:10 Session 2: Material på gång
- Material på Språkbanken
- Jonas Engman – Nordiska muséets frågelistor
16:10 - 17:30 Diskussion
17:30 - 19:00 Mingel

Read more about the workshop here:

http://sweclarin.se/eng/home/first-swe-clarin-hss-workshop

Note that registration is required:

http://goo.gl/forms/tuchRuyjD9

Date: 2015-04-17 13:00 - 19:00

Location: Lennart Torstenssonsgatan 6, room K333

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The theme for this year's Grammar festival is Grammar and language history, read more about the event here:

http://svenska.gu.se/samverkan/grammatikfestivalen (in Swedish only)

Date: 2015-03-20 10:00 - 17:00

Location: Humanisten, Renströmsgatan 6

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The program can be found at Språkbanken's web: http://spraakbanken.gu.se/eng/forskning/swefn/swedish-framenet-workshop-...

For more information, please contact Dana Dannélls.

Date: 2014-11-19 13:00 - 18:00

Location: L100, Lennart Torstenssonsgatan 8

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The first international Korp workshop will be held in conjunction with the Språkbanken autumn workshop, on the 16th of October 2014, from 13.15.

Schedule etc: http://spraakbanken.gu.se/eng/about-us/autumn-workshop/korpws2014

Date: 2014-10-16 13:15 - 18:00

Location: F318, Faculty of Arts main building, Renströmsgatan

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Språkbankens fjärde årliga höstworkshop hålls fredagen den 17 oktober 2014, med start klockan 13.15. Årets tema är flerspråkiga resurser och vi kommer att presentera flera nya korpusar och funktioner i våra sökverktyg. Workshopen avslutas med mingel och bubbel.

Anmäl dig gärna (endast för planeringens skull) senast söndag 12 oktober till yvonne . adesam snabel-a gu . se

Schema etc: http://spraakbanken.gu.se/swe/Om%20oss/hoestworkshop

Date: 2014-10-17 13:15 - 18:00

Location: T307, Olof Wijksgatan 6

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Ann-Marie Eklund, PhD student in Natural Language Processing at Språkbanken/Department of Swedish will defend her PhD thesis The game of health search.

Almost two of three Swedes use internet to search for health related information on diseases, treatments and care givers. Mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets are increasingly used to carry out these activities, and it raises the question on how a health information portal should behave to support the needs of today’s and tomorrow’s information seekers.

In this thesis we present an analysis of the use of the official health information portals 1177.se and vardguiden.se with a focus on describing the relations between seekers and portals, as expressed by the language of queries and answers. Of special interest is the role of the language as a means to establish and maintain the seekers’ trust in a portal as a complement to doctor’s visits and calls.

We present a number of principles of behaviour to which we believe a portal should adhere to be trustworthy in the eyes of the seekers. We also introduce a conceptual framework with a basis in game-­theoretic models of rational behaviour, and the use of lingustic error analysis and stylistics, to provide a setting for analysis of information search.

Faculty opponent: Stefan Schulz

Full text avalable here: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/37041

Date: 2014-11-21 10:00 - 13:00

Location: Lilla Hörsalen

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